The “business” of nonprofit organizations spans through every sector of the economy, from medical and service-based entities to education and charitable organizations. Often overlooked, organizations that face high risks, such as terrorist attacks, receive extra financial protection to fulfill their mission. Administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Nonprofit Security Grant Program (NSGP) funds support for target hardening and other physical security enhancements to qualifying organizations.
How much funding is available?
At its core, the program aids nonprofits by merging state and local preparedness activities with those of the entity. In addition, NSPG merges the emergency preparedness activities of private and public community representatives as well as governments. Fiscal year 2023 brings significant change. The total amount of funding allocated for NSGP—equally divided between a Rural Area and State program, respectively, increases by over $50 million to $305 million.
Who determines eligibility?
Among the points-system criteria for applicant organizations seeking grants in fiscal year 2023, FEMA will provide points to organizations that demonstrated they serve underserved populations or communities. Using the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) employed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, FEMA will award 10 to 15 points, depending on the assessed SVI (0.60–0.79) and (0.80–1.00), respectively. Guidelines exist regarding limits on certain expenses, such as management and administration, and maximum awards to nonprofits with locations in multiple states.
Nonprofits function within different realms and geographic scopes. Their size and purpose can dictate specific needs. Whether obtaining funds to operate those most vulnerable to terrorist attacks or managing concerns regarding liability of officers, the experience and knowledge of those who understand these organizations can provide guidance.